viceroys of india importent turning point

viceroys of india

viceroys of India list in Indian history ----

1)  Lord Canning (1856 - 1862) :----

  • The last Governor General and the first Viceroy.
  • Mutiny took place in his time.
  • On Nov ,1853, the rule passed on to the crown.
  • The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and madras were established in 1857.

2)  Lord Lytton (1876 -1880) :----

  • Organised the Grand 'Delhi Durbar' in 1877 to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of 'Kaiser-i-Hind'.
  • Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878).

3)  Lord Rippon (1880 - 1884) :----

  • Liberal person,who sympathized with Indians.
  • Passed the local self- government Act(1882).
  • Passed the llbert Bill  (1883) which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals.
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4)  Lord Dufferin (1884 - 1888) :----

  • Indian National Congress was formed during his tenure.

5)  Lord Curzon (1899 - 1905) :----

Partitioned Bengal (October 16, 1905) into two provinces.

6) Lord Hardinge (1910 - 1916) :----

  •  Partition of Bengal was cancelled (1911); capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi (1911).

7)  Lord Chelmsford (1916 - 1921) :----

  • The government of India Act in 1919 (Montague-Chelmsford reforms) was passed.
  • Rowlatt Act of 1919 ; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13, 1919).
  • Non-Cooperation Movement.
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8)  Lord Irwin (1926 - 1931) :----

  • Simon Commission visited India in 1928.
  • Dandi March (Mar 12, 1930).
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (1930).
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact (Mar 5, 1931) was signed  and Civil Disobedience Movement was withdrawn.

9)  Lord Willingdon (1931 - 1936) :----

  • Communal Awards (Aug 16, 1932).
  • Poona Pact was signed.
  • Government of India Act (1935) was passed.

10)  Lord Linlithgow (1936 - 1944) :----

  • Cripps Mission in 1942.
  • Quit India Movement (August 8, 1942).

11)  Lord Wavell (1944 - 1947) :----

  • Cabinet Mission Plan.

12)  Lord Mountbatten (Mar 1947-Aug 1947) :----

  • Last Viceroy of British India and the first Governor General of free India.
  • Indian Independence Act passed by the British Parliament on july 4, 1947, by which India became independent on August 15,1947.
  • Retired in June 1948 and was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari (the first and the last Indian Governor General of free India).
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