united nation organisation (uno)
Origin : united nation organisation Charter was signed by 50 members on June 26, 1945. It officially came into existence on October 24, 1945.
UN Charter : The Charter is the Constitution of the UNO and contains its aims and objectives and rules and regulations for its functioning.
Aims and Objectives : They are security, welfare and human right.
Headquarters: New York.
Flag : The flag is light blue in color, and emblazoned in white, in its centre is the UN symbol- a polar map of world embraced by twin olive branches open at the top.
Official Languages : The official languages of the united nation organisation are: English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic and Spanish. However, working languages are English & French only.
Secretary General of the U.N.O.
Name Country Tenure :——
Trygve Lie Norway (1946-53)
Dog Hammarsk-joeld Sweden (1953-61)
U. Thant Myanmar (1961-71)
Kurt Waldheim Austria (1972-81)
Javier Perez de Cuellar Peru (1982-91)
Dr. Boutros Ghali Egypt (1992-96)
Kof! Annan Ghana (1997-2006)
Ban Ki-moon South Korea (2007-2016)
Anonio Guterres Portugal (2017 till date)
Main Organs of the UNO : There are six main organs:
Economic and Social Council
International Court of Justice, and (6) Secretariat.
General Assembly : It consist of representative of all members of the UN. Each member country has only one vote. It meets once a year and passes UN Budget.
Security Council : It is the Executive body of the UN and is mainly responsible for main-taining international peace and security. It has members, 5 of which (USA, UK, France, Russia and China) are permanent members. The 10 non-permanent members are elected by General Assembly for two-year term and are not eligible for immediate re-election.
Economic and Social Council : It has 54 members elected by General Assembly.
Trusteeship Council: It looks interest of the people in areas not yet independent and leads them towards self-government.
International Court of Justice : It has 15 judges, no two of whom may be nationals of the same state. They are elected by General Assembly and Security Council for a term of 9 years. The Court elects its President and Vice-President for a 3-year term.
Secretariat : It is the Secretariat of the UN and is headed by the Secretary General.
Years Observed by United Organisation
Present Membership : At present 193 Countries are members of the UNO. South Sudan is the latest entrant to this world organization.
Get more important gk topic
in your mailbox
Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox.
Nice article thanks for sharing