Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha

Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha

Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and not subject to dissolution its maximum strength is 250 (12 members nominated by the President having Special knowledge or practical experience in the field of science, literature, art and social service).
The total membership of the present Rajya Sabha is 245 however,one third members retire every second year .Their seats are filled up by fresh elections and presidential nomination at the beginning of every third year.
There are no seats reserved for SC s and ST s in Rajya Sabha.
Constitution has not fixed the term of office of members of the Rajya Sabha and left it to the Parliament.
Representation of People Act (1951) provide the term of office of a member of the Rajya Sabha shall be 6 years.

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha is not a permanent body and subject to to dissolution .Its maximum strength is 550+2 members of its Anglo Indian Community. Which includes 530 members from states and 20 from Union Territories , present strength of Lok Sabha is 245.
Its normal term is 5 years from the date of its frist meeting after which it automatically dissolves.
The President is authorized to dissolve Lok Sabha at any time even before the completion of five years and this cannot be challenged in the Court of law.
Lok Ssbha can be extended during the National Emergency by a law of Parliament for one year at a time for any length of time, But this extension cannot go beyond a period of 6 months after the emergency has ceased to operate.

State member of parliament and Seats in Parliament

Sl No
States/ UTs
In Rajya Sabha
In lok Sabha
01
Andhra Pradesh
18
42
02
Arunachal Pradesh
1
2
03
Assam
7
14
04
Bihar
16
40
05
Chhattisgarh
05
11
05
Goa
02
02
06
Gujarat
11
26
07
Haryana
05
10
08
Himachal Pradesh
3
04
09
Jammu and kasmir
4
6
10
Jharkhand
06
14
11
Karnataka
12
28
12
Kerala
09
20
13
Madhya Pradesh
11
29
14
Maharastra
19
48
15
Manipur
1
02
16
Meghalaya
1
2
17
Mizoram
1
1
18
Nagaland
1
1
19
Odisha
10
21
20
Punjab
07
13
21
Rajasthan
07
25
22
Sikkim
1
01
23
Tamil Nadu
18
39
24
Tripura
01
02
25
Uttarakhand
03
05
26
Uttar Pradesh
31
80
27
Paschim Banga
16
42

Union Territories

01
Andaman and Nicobar island
_
01
02
Chandigarh
_
01
03
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
_
01
04
Daman and Diu
_
01
05
Delhi(The national Capital Territory of delhi)
03
07
06
Lakshadweep
_
01
07
Puducherry
_
01
Nominated Members
12
02
Total
245
545

Members of Parliament

Qualification (Article 84)
The constitution lays down the following qualification for a person to be chosen as a Member of the parliament.
Must be a citizen of india.
Must make and subscribe before the person authorized by the Election Commission an oath or affirment according, to the from prescribed in the third Schedule.
Must not be less than 30 years of age in the case of  Rajya Sabha and not less than 25 years of age in the case of the Lok Sabha.
Must possess other  qualifications as prescribed by Parliament.
Disqualification (Article 102)
Under he holds any office of profit under the Unionor State Government (except that of a minister or any other office exempted by the Parliament
If he holds any office of profit under the union or State Government (except that of a minister or any other office exempted by the Parliament).if he is unsound mind.
If he is undischarged insolvent.
If he is not a citizen of indiaor has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign state or is under any acknowledgment of allegiance to a foreign state; and if he is so disqualified under any law made by the Parliament
Under the following conditions, a member of parliament vacates his seat (Article 101)
Double membership 
(both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha).
Absence(more than 60 days without permission).
If his election is declared void by the court.
If he is expelled by the House.
If he is elected to the oiffice  of the President or vice President .
If he is appointed as a Governor of of a state.
Oath and Salary( Article 99)
Every members has to make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation before the President or some ther person appointed by him for the purpose .
Salaries and allowances are determined by Parliament.

Speaker of LokSabha (Article 93)

He is elected by lok Sabha from amongst its members as soon as , after the first meeting.
The date of delction is fixed by the President.
Usually, he remains in his offices during the life of the lok Sabha , he vacates office earlier in any of the following cases
If he ceases to be member of Lok Sabha;
If he resigns by writing to the Deputy Speaker; and
If he is removed by a resolution passed by a majority of all the members of the Lok Shabha .Such a resolution can be moved only after giving 14 days advance notice.
Under Resolution of removal, the Speaker cannot preside at the sitting of the House (he may be present) (Article 96)
Whenever the Lok Sabha is dissolved the Speaker does not vacate his office and continues till the newly elected Lok Sabha meets.
Role, Powers and Function of Speaker
He is the principal Spokesman of the House, and his decision in all Parliamentary matters is final.
He maintains order and decorum in the House for conducting its business .
He  adjourns the House to suspend the meeting in the absence of quorum (presence of only 1/10th of the total strength of the House.)

Speakers of lok Sabha

Tenure
Name
From
To
GV Mavalankar
15.05.1952
07.02.1956
MA Ayyangar
08.03.1956
10.05.1957
MA Ayyangar
11.05.1957
06.04.1962
Hukam Singha
17.04.1962
06.03.1967
N Sanjeeva Reddy
17.03.1967
19.07..1969
Dr GS Dhillon
08.08.1969
19.03.1971
Dr GS Dhillon
22.03.1971
01.12.1975
Baliram Bhagat
05.01.1976
25.13.1977
N Sanjeeva Reddy
26.03.1977
13.07.1977
KS Hegde
21.07.1977
21.01.1980
Dr Balram Jakhar
02.01.1980
15.01.1985
Dr Balram Jakhar
16.01.1986
18.12.1989
Rabi Ray
19.12.1989
09.07.1991
Shiv Raj Patil
10.07.1991
22.05.1996
PA Sangma
23.05.1996
23.03.1998
GMC Balyogi
24.03.1998
23.03.1998
GMC Balyogi
27.10.1999
21.10.1999
Manohar Joshi
10.05.2002
20.02.2004
Somnath Chatterjee
05.06.2004
02.06.2009
Meira Kumar
03.06.2009
Till date
He does not vote in the first instance, but he can exercise a casting vote in the case of a tie (dead lock).
He presides over a joint sitting of two Houses of the Parliament.
He can allow a secret sitting of the House.
He certifies a Bill as Money Bill and his decision cannot be challenged.
He presides over a joint –sitting of the two houses. He appoints the Chairman of all the Parliamentary Committes of Lok Sabha.
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lam the creator and editor of Design Shard, I created this blog to post my inspirations, work, and free resources that I hope others find interesting too. See all posts by -- Sourav Mukherjee

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