modern farming methods,food crops and agriculture question bank

modern farming methods of Important food crops and agriculture question bank

There are three crop seasons in India and  modern farming methods of Important food crops and agriculture question bank
Kharif : ----       Sown in June/July, harvested in September / October e.g. – rice, jowar, bajra, ragi, maize, cotton and jute.
Rabi : -----       Sown in October / December, harvested in April/May e.g. – wheet, barley, peas, rapeseed, mustard, grains.
Zaid : -----       They are raised between April / June e.g. – melon, watermelon, cucumber, toris, leafy and other vegetables.

Some Important Crops and food crops

modern farming methods

1. Rice : ----    ( Temperature – Not above 35 degree C, / Rainfall – 150-300 cm, / Soil – Clayey or loams , Alluvial)
2. Wheat : ----     [ Temperature – {winter =19 – 15 degree C} {summer = 21-26 degree C} / Rainfall – 80 cm / Soil – Well-drained loams and clay loam]
3. cotton : -----    ( Temperature -- 21-30degree C, but not below21 degree C,200 frost free days / Rainfall – 50 -75 cm / Soil – Black Soil(regur) alluvial or literate soils)
4. Sugarcane : -----       ( Temperature – 20-26 degree C / Rainfall – 100-150 cm / Soil – Any type of soil that can retain moisture)
5. Jowar : -----       ( Temperature – Not below 16 degree C / Rainfall – <100 cm / Soil – Variety of Soils including clayey and sandy)
6. Jute : -----      ( Temperature – 24-35 degree C / Rainfall – 150 cm, with 90% humidity / Soil – Light sandy or clayey loams)
7. Tea : -----      (Temperature – 24-30 degree C / Rainfall – 125-375 cm,grown on hil slopes / Soil – Well drained, deep friable loams or forest soils rich in organic matter)
8. Coffee : -----      (Temperature – 15-28 degree C / Rainfall – 150-200 cm / Soil – Rich well-drained friable loams containing good amount of vegetable mould).
9. Bajra : -----        (Temperature – 25-30 degree C / Rainfall – 40-50 cm / Soil – Sandy loams red and black soils).
10. Ragi : -----      (Temperature -- 20-30 degree C / Rainfall – 50-100 cm / Soil – Red, Sandy loams and light black).
11. Pulses : -----      (Temperature – 20-25 degree C / Rainfall – 50-75 cm / Soil – Dry, light soil).
12. Rubber : -----      (Temperature – 25- 35 degree C / Rainfall – 150-200 cm / Soil – Rich well –drained soils).
13. Tabacco : -----      (Temperature – 16-40 degree C / Rainfall – 50-100 cm / Soil – Well-drained loamy soil, alluvial or black soils).

Read -  Glossary of geographical terms with climate definition

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