minerals in food and micro elements for animal or human body

Important minerals in food - animal or human body

1)  Calcium (Ca)#  : ------- 
                 Source ----   Milk, cereals, cheese, green vegetables.
                 Significance ----  Required for formation of teeth and bones, blood clotting, functions of nerves and muscles.
                 Effects of deficiency ----   Weak teeth and bones, retarded body growth.
2)  Phasphorus (P)  : -------
                 Source -----   Milk, meat, cereals.
                 Significance -----    Required for formation of teeth and bones and acid-base balance; component of ATP, DNA, RNA.
                 Effects of deficiency -----   Week teeth and bones; retarded body growth and physiology.
3)  Sulphur(S) : -------
                  Source  -----    Many proteins of food.
                  Significance -----  Component of many amino acids.
                  Effects of deficiency -----   Disturbed protein metabolism.
4)  Potassium (K) : -------
                  Source  -----   Meat, milk, cereals, fruits and vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Required for acid-base balance, water regulation and function of nerves.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Low blood pressure, weak muscles; risk of paralysis.
5)  Chlorine (Cl) : --------
                  Source  -----  Table salt.
                  Significance -----  Required for acid-base balance; component of gastric juice.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Loss of appetite; muscle cramps.
6)  Sodium (Na) : -------
                  Source  -----  Table Salt.
                  Significance -----  Required for acid-base and water balances and nervous functions.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Low blood pressure, loss of appetite; muscle cramps.
7)  Magnesium (Mg) : -------
                  Source  -----  Cereals, green vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Cofactor of many enzymes of glycolysis and a number of other metabolic reactions dependent upon ATP.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Irregularities of metabolism, principally affecting nervous functions.
8)  Iron (Fe) : --------
                  Source  -----   Meat, eggs, cereals, green vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Component of haemoglobin and cytochromes.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Anaemia, weakness and weak immunity.
9)  Iodine (I) : -------
                  Source  -----  Milk, cheese, sea food, iodized salts.
                  Significance -----   Important component of thyroxine hormone.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Goitre, Cretinism.

micro elements - animal or human body

    10)  Flourine (F) : -------
                  Source  -----  Drinking water, tea, sea food.
                  Significance -----  Maintenance of bones and teeth.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Weak teeth, larger amount causes mottling of teeth.
    11)  Zine (Zn) : -------
                  Source  -----  Cereals, milk, eggs, meats, sea food.
                  Significance -----  Cafactor of digestive and many other enzymes.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Retarded growth, anaemia, rough skin, weak immunity and ferlility.
    12)  Copper (Cu) : -------
                  Source  -----  Meat, dry fruits, pods, green vegetables, sea food.
                  Significance -----  Cafactor of cytochrome oxidase enzyme. Necessary for iron metabolism and development of blood vessels and connective tissues.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Anaemia, weak blood vessels and connective tissues.
    13)  Manganese (Mn) : -------
                  Source  -----  Dry fruits, cereals, tea, fruits and green vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Cafactor of some enzymes of urea synthesis and transfer of phosphate group.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Irregular growth of bones, cartilages and connective tissues.
    14)  Cobalt (Co) : -------
                  Source  -----  Milk, cheese, meat.
                  Significance -----  Important component of vitamin B12.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Anaemia.
    15)  Selenium (Se) : -------
                  Source  -----  Meat, cereals,sea food.
                  Significance -----  Cafactorof many enzymes; assists vitamin E.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Muscular pain; weakness of cardiac muscles.
    16)  Chromium (Cr) : --------
                  Source  -----  Yeast, sea food, meat, vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Important for catabolic metabolism.
                  Effects of deficiency -----  Irregularities of catabolic metabolism and ATP production.
     17)   Molybdenum (Mo) :-------
                  Source  -----  Cereals, pods, some vegetables.
                  Significance -----  Cofactor of some enzymes.
                  Effects of deficiency -----   Irregular excretion of nitrogenous waste products.
[ The salt of Ca required by our body is  Ca3 (PO4)2.]

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