Indian National Emblem, National Flag, National Song and National Anthem
Indian National Emblem :-----
- The state emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion, capital of Ashoka the Emperor as preserved in the Sarnath Museum.
- The Government adopted the emblem on 26th January ,1950, the day when India became a Republic.
- The words , “Satyameva Jayate” from the Mundaka Upanishad meaning ‘Truth alone triumphs’ are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari seript.
National Flag :------
- The National Flag is a horizontal tri-colour of deep saffron (Kesariya) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
- The ratio of the width of the falg to its length is two to three.
- In the centre of the white band is a wheel ,in navy blue. Its design is that of the wheel (chakra) which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band. It has 24 spokes.
- The design of the National Flag was adopted by the constituent Assembly of India on 22nd july,1947. Its use and display are regulated by a code.
National Anthem and National Song
- Rabindranath Tagore’s song Jana-Gana-mana was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24th January,1950 and gave Vande Mataram –the national song equal honour.
- It was first sung on 27 December ,1911 at the Calcutta session of the INC.
- The National Song Vande Mataram composed by Bankimchandra Chatterjee has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.
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