The Gandhian Era (1917-1947)
1.Who led the Salt Satyagraha Movement with Mahatma Gandhi?
(a) Annie Besant (b) Mridula Sarabhai (c) Muthu Lakshmi (d) Sarojini Naidu
2.In which of the following movements did Mahatma Gandhi make the first use of Hunger Strike as a weapon ?
(a) Ahmedabad Strike, 1918 (b) Rowlatt Satyagraha, 1919 (c) Non-Co-operation Movement, 1920–22 (d) Bardoli Satyagraha, 1928
3.From where did Acharya Vinoba Bhave start theindividual Satyagraha in 1940 ?
(a) Nadiad in Gujarat (b) Paunar in Maharashtra (c) Adyar in Tamil Nadu (d) Guntur in Andhra Pradesh
4.Which one of the following writings is NOT related to Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) My Experiments with Truth (b) Harijan (c) The Holy Family (d) Hind Swaraj
5.The book ‘Unto this Last’ which influenced Gandhi was authored by
(a) Boris Yeltsin (b) John Ruskin (c) Pushkin (d) Ruskin Bond
6.Moti Lal Nehru and Chitta Ranjan (C.R.) Das were the founder-members of the
(a) Communist Party of India (b) Forward Bloc (c) Socialist-Swarajist Party (d) Swarajya Party
7.Gandhi considered Khadi as a symbol of-
(a) Industrialisation (b) Economic Independences (c) Economic growth (d) Moral Purity
8.”India wins Freedom’ is the autobiography of
(a) Abul Kalam Azad (b) Muhammad Ali (c) Zakir Hussain (d) Syed Ahmed Khan
9.The Round Table Conference at London met for the decision of
(a) A future constitution of India (b) Provision of Provincial Autonomy (c) Gandhi’s demands for calling off Civil Disobedient Movement (d) Congress Claim to be the sole representative Indians
10.Sarvodaya stands for
(a) Total revolution (b) Non-Co-operation (c) Upliftment of all (d) Non-Violence
11.In which city of South Africa was Mahatma Gandi beaten up and thrown off the pavement by the whil people ?
(a) Cape Town (b) Durban (c) Johannesburg (d) Pretoria
12.Who attend the Congress of Oppressed Nationalist Brussels in 1927, on behalf of the National Congress?
(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru (b) Mahatma Gandhi (c) Dr. Ansari (d) Moti Lal Nehru
13.Gandhiji was the staunch supproter of
(a) big industries (b) cottage industries (c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ (d) None of these
14.Who was the last British Viceroy of India ?
(a) Lord Lintithgowe (b) Lord Wavell (c) Clement Atlee (d) Lord Mountbatten
15.The Swarajya party was formed following the failure of
(a) Non-Co-operation Movement (b) Civil Disobedience Movement (c) Quit India Movement (d) Champaran Satyagraha 6
16.Who was the President of Indian National Congress when the Mountbatten Plan was accepted ?
(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru (b) Sardar Patel (c) Maulana Azad (d) J.B. Kripalani
17.Who developed the idea that ‘means justify the ends’?
(a) Kautilya (b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy (c) Dayanand Saraswati (d) Mahatma Gandhi
18.Provincial Autonomy was one of the important features of the Act of
(a) 1935 (b) 1919 (c) 1909 (d) 1858
19.Who declared as his ultimate aim the ‘wiping of every tear from every eye’?
(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru (b) Gandhiji (c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (d) Sardar Patel
20.In ends and means relationship, Gandhiji believed
(a) Means determine the endsome (b) Means become good if they serve the ends19). (c) Ends is everything no matter what or how the means are (d) Ends and means are watertight compartments
21.Bhulabhai Desai’s most memorable achievement was his defence of the Indian National Army (ANA) personnel at the Red Fort Trial towards the ends of
(a) 1943 (b) 1944 g (c) 1945 (d) 1946
22.Mahatma Gandhi’s remark, ‘A post-dated cheque on a crumbling bank’ is regarding the proposals of –
(a) Simon Commission (b) Cripps Mission (c) Cabinet Mission (d) Wavel Plan
23.Under whose leadership was the Congress Socialist Party founded in 1934 ?
(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi (b) Acharya Narendra Dev and Jai Prakash Narayan (c) Subhas Chandra Bose and P.C. Joshi (d) Saifuddin Kitchlew and Rajendra Prasad
24.The issue on which the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930 was launched was—
(a) Equal employment opportunities for Indians (b) The proposed execution of Bhagat Singh (c) Salt monopoly exercised by the British Goverment (d) Complete freedom
25.Who was the author of the book ‘ My Experiments with Truth’ ? (a) Aurobindo Ghosh (b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (c) M. K. Gandhi (d) Vinoba Bhave
26.Gandhiji’s movement of boycotting the foreign goods aimed at –
(a) promotion of welfare state (b) creating anti-British sentiment (c) promotion of cottage industry (d) full independence
27.After the Chauri-Chaza incident. Gandhi suspended the
(a) Civil Disobedience Movement (b) Khilafat Movement (c) Non-Co-operation Movement (d) Quit India Movement
28.India attained ‘Dominion States on
(a) 15th January, 1947 (b) 15th August, 195 (c) 15th August, 1950 (d) 15th October 1947
29.Who called Gandhiji ‘half naked beggar’?
(a) Mountbatten (b) hastings (c) Winston Churchill (d) Jinnah
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