Indian Fundamental Rights and human rights in indian constitution

Indian Fundamental Rights and human rights in indian constitution

fundamental rights of indian citizen or fundamental rights of indian constitution -----

human Right to Equality :-----

  1. Article 14 :-----       Equality before law and equal protection of law.
  2. Article 15 :-----       Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  3. Article 16 :-----       Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  4. Article 17 :-----        End of untouchability.
  5. Article 18 :-----        Abolition of titles . military and Academic Distinctions are, however, exempted.

Right to Freedom :-----

  1. Article 19 :-----      It guarantees the citizens of India the following six fundamental freedoms:
  • freedom of speech and Expression.
  • Freedom of Assembly.
  • Freedom to from Associations.
  • Freedom of Movement.
  • Freedom of Residence and Settlement.
  • Freedom of Profession , occupation, Trade or Business.
2. Article 20 :-----      Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
3. Article 21 :-----      Protection of life and personal liberty.
4. Article 21 A :-----       Right to Education to all children of the age of 6-14 years.
5. Article 22 :-----      Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right Against Exploitation :-----

  1. Article 23 :-----       Traffic in human beings and forced labour are prohibited.
  2. Article 24 :-----       No child below the age of 14 can be employed.
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Right to freedom of Religion :-----

Article 25 :-----       Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

  1. Article 26 :-----       Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  2. Article 27 :-----       Prohibits taxes on religious grounds.
  3. Article 28 :-----       freedom as to attendance at religious ceremonies in certain educational institutions.
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Cultural and Educational Rights :-----

  1. Article 29 :-----       Protection of interests of minorities.
  2. Article 30 :-----       Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

Right to Constitutional Remedies :-----

  1. Article 32 :-----       The right to move the Supreme Court in Case of their violation  (called Soul and Heart of the Constitution by BR Ambedkar).
Note :----  ( To enforce the Fundamental Rights, The Supreme Court is empowered under Article 32 to issue writes of various forms , The Right to Property (Article 31) was deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Amendment Act,1978).

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