Indian Fundamental Rights and human rights in indian constitution
fundamental rights of indian citizen or fundamental rights of indian constitution —–
human Right to Equality :—–
- Article 14 :—– Equality before law and equal protection of law.
- Article 15 :—– Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
- Article 16 :—– Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17 :—– End of untouchability.
- Article 18 :—– Abolition of titles . military and Academic Distinctions are, however, exempted.
Right to Freedom :—–
- Article 19 :—– It guarantees the citizens of India the following six fundamental freedoms:
- freedom of speech and Expression.
- Freedom of Assembly.
- Freedom to from Associations.
- Freedom of Movement.
- Freedom of Residence and Settlement.
- Freedom of Profession , occupation, Trade or Business.
2. Article 20 :—– Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
3. Article 21 :—– Protection of life and personal liberty.
4. Article 21 A :—– Right to Education to all children of the age of 6-14 years.
5. Article 22 :—– Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right Against Exploitation :—–
- Article 23 :—– Traffic in human beings and forced labour are prohibited.
- Article 24 :—– No child below the age of 14 can be employed.
Right to freedom of Religion :—–
Article 25 :—– Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
- Article 26 :—– Freedom to manage religious affairs.
- Article 27 :—– Prohibits taxes on religious grounds.
- Article 28 :—– freedom as to attendance at religious ceremonies in certain educational institutions.
Cultural and Educational Rights :—–
- Article 29 :—– Protection of interests of minorities.
- Article 30 :—– Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Right to Constitutional Remedies :—–
- Article 32 :—– The right to move the Supreme Court in Case of their violation (called Soul and Heart of the Constitution by BR Ambedkar).
Note :—- ( To enforce the Fundamental Rights, The Supreme Court is empowered under Article 32 to issue writes of various forms , The Right to Property (Article 31) was deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Amendment Act,1978).
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