Governor general's of Bengal
important Governor general of Bengal and Indian history -----
Warren Hastings (1772 - 1785) :----
- Brought the Dual Govt. of Bengal to an end by the Regulating Act, 1773.
- Established India's first Supreme court Calcutta.
Lord Cornwallis ( 1786 - 1793 ) :----
- First person to codify lawes (1793).
- Started the permanent settlement of Bengal.
- Father of Civil services in India.
Lord Wellesley ( 1798 -1803 ) :----
- Introduced the system of subsidiary alliance.
- Madras presidency was formed during his tenure.
- First subsidiary treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad in 1800, he set up Fort William College in Calcutta, He was famous as Bengal Tiger.
Governor General's of India
Lord William Bentinck ( 1828 - 1835 ) :----
- Carried out the Social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and suppression of thugs (1830).
- Made English the medium of higher education in the country.
- Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.
- Charter Act of 1833 was passed ; made him the first Governor General in India.
- Lord Charles Metcalfe (1835-36) He is known as liberator of press.
Lord Dalhousie ( 1848 - 1856 ) :----
- Opened the first Indian Railway line in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane).
- Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (first was from Calcutta to Agra).
- Introduced the Doctrine of Lapse and captured Satara (1848) . Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur in 1854, 'Wood's Dispatch' was passed.
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