freedom struggle of india Important date and years

history of indian independence freedom struggle of india - Important date and years

indian struggle for freedom

date list for freedom struggle of india -----

  1. 1905 : ----     Partition of Bengal announced; to come in force from Oct 16, 1906.
  2. 1906, Dec. 31 : -----      Muslim League founded at Decca.
  3. 1908, April 30 : -----       Khudiram Bose executed.
  4. 1908, july 22 : -----      Tilak sentenced to six years on charges of sedition.
  5. 1909, May 21 : -----       Minto-Marley Reforms of Indian Councils Act, 1909.
  6. 1911 : -----      The caronation or Delhi durbar held at Delhi in which the Partition of Bengal is cancelled.
  7. 1912 : -----      Delhi becomes the new capital of India.
  8. 1912, Dec 23 : -----       Bomb thrown on lord hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.
  9. 1914, Nov 1 : -----       Ghadar Party formed at San Francisco.
  10. 1914, August 4 : -----       Outbreake of the 1st World War.
  11. 1914, Sept 29 : -----        Komagatamaru ship reaches budge (Calcutta Part)
  12. 1915, Jan 9 : -----       Gandhiji  arrives in India.
  13. 1915, Feb 19 : -----       Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  14. 1915, April 28 : -----       B.G Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters of Poona.
  15. 1916, Sept 25 : -----        Another Home Rule league started by Annie Besant.
  16. 1917 April : -----      Mahatma Gandhi launches the champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters.
  17. 1917, August 20 : -----          The Secretary of state for India ,Montague , declares that the goal of the British  government in India is the introduction of Responsible Government.
  18. 1918 : -----        Beginning of trade union movement in India.
  19. 1918, April : -----        Rowlatt (Sedition) Committee submits its report, Rowlatt Bill introduced on February 16, 1919.
  20. 1919,April 13 : -----        Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.
  21. 1919 Dec. 5 : -----       The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919. The new reforms under this Act  came into operation in 1921.
  22. 1920 : -----      First meeting of All India Trade Union Congress.(under Narain Malhar Joshi).
  23. 1920. Dec. : -----         The Indian National Congress (INC) adapts the Non- CO- operation Resolution.
  24.  1920-22 : -----       Non.Co-operation Movement, suspended on February 12, 1922 after the violent incidents at Chaura on February 5, 1922.
  25. 1922, August : -----       Maplah rebellionon the Malabar coast.
  26. 1923, jan 1 : -----      Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others.
  27. 1924 : -----      The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur.
  28. 1925,August : -----       Kakori Train Conspiracy case.
  29. 1927, Nov. 8: -----        The British Prime Minister announces the appointment of the Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India. Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on February 3, 1928 and all-India hartal. Late Lajpat Raj assaulted by police at Lahore.
  30. 1928 : -----       Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All-parties conference considers the Nehru Report, August 28-31, 1928.
  31. 1928, Nov. 17 : -----       Death of Late Lala Lajpat Rai.
  32. 1929 : -----        Sarda Act passed prohibiting marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years age with effect from 1930.
  33. 1929, March 9 : -----        All-Parties Muslim Conference formulates the ‘Fourteen Points’ under the leadership of Jinnah.
  34. 1929, April 8 : ------       Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw bomb in the Central.
  35. 1929, Oct 31 : ------       Lord lrwins announcement that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status.
  36. 1929,Dec 31 : ------        The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence –        poorna swarajya for India ; Jawaharlal Nehru hoist the tricolour of Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore.
  37. 1930, Jan 26 : ------         First Independence Day observed.
  38. 1930, Feb. 14 : ------        The Working Committee of the Inc meets at Sabarmati and passes The Civil Disobedience resolution.
  39. 1930, March 12 : -----        Mahatma Gandhi launches the civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi March (March 12 to April 6), First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement : March 12, 1930 to March 5, 1931.
  40. 1930, Nov 30 : ------         First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission.
  41. 1931, march 5 : ------        Gandhi –Irwin pact signed .Civil Disobedience movement suspended.
  42. 1931, March 23 : ------       Bhagat singh ,Sukh Dev and Rajguru executed.
  43. 1931, Sept 7 : -----         Second Round Table Conference.
  44. 1931, Dec 28 : ------        Gandhi returns from London after the deadlock in LLnd RTC, launches Civil Disobedience Movement, The INC declared illegal.
  45. 1932, Jan 4 : -----        Gandhiji arrested and imprisoned without trial.
  46. 1932, August 16 : ------       British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announces the infamous “Communal Awards”.
  47. 1932 , Sept 20  : ------         Gandhiji in jail, begins his epic “fast unto death” against the Communal Awards and ends the fast on Sept 26 after the Poona Pact.
  48. 1932, Nov 17 : ------         The third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24).
  49. 1933, May 9 : ------        Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagraha by individuals.
  50. 1934 : -----        Gandhiji withdraws from active polities and devotes himself to “constructive programmes” (1934-39).
  51. 1935 , August 4 : ------        The Government of India Act (1935) passed.
  52. 1937  : ------       Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (February 1937) . The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (july 1937).
  53. 1938, Feb 19-20 : -----       Haripura session of INC. Subhash Chandra Bose elected Congress President.
  54. 1939, March 10-12 : ------        Tripuri session of the INC.
  55. 1939, April : ------       Subhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC.
  56. 1939, Sept 3 : ------        Second World War(September 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war.
  57. 1939, Oct 27-Nov 5 : ------       The Congress ministries in the provinces resign in profest against the war policy of the British government.
  58. 1939, Dec 22 : ------        The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as ‘Deliverance Day’.
  59. 1940, March : ------         Lahore session of the Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution.
  60. 1940, August 10 : ------        Viceroy Linlithgow announces August Offer.
  61. 1940, Aug 18-22 : ------         Congress Working Committee rejects the ‘August Offer’.
  62. 1940, Oct 17 : ------        Congress launches Bose Individual Satyagraha movement.
  63. 1941, Jan 17 : ------         Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India ; arrives in Berlin (March 28).
  64. 1942, March 11 : ------        Churchill announces the ‘Cripps Mission’.
  65. 1942 August 7-8 : ------        The INC meets in Bombay;adapts ‘Quit India’ resolution.
  66. 1942, August 9 : ------         Gandhiji and other Congress leaders arrested.
  67. 1942, August 11 : ------        Quit India movement begins ; the Great August Uprising.
  68. 1942, Sept 1 : ------        Subhash Chandra Bose establish the Indian National Army "Azad Hind Fauj".
  69. 1943, Oct 21 : ------        Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the provisional Government of free India.
  70. 1943, Dec : -----        Karachi session of the Muslim League adapts the slogan Divide and Government of free India.
  71. 1944, Jan 25 : ------        Wavell call Simla Conference in a bid to from the Executive Council of Indian political leaders.
  72. 1946, Feb 18 : ------        Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay.
  73. 1946, March 15 : ------         British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission to propose new solution to the Indian deadlock ; Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (March 14); issues proposal (may 16).
  74. 1946, july 6 : ------       Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress President.
  75. 1946, August 6 : -------        Wavell invites Nehruto from an interim government ; Interim Government takes office ISept 2).
  76. 1946, Dec 9 : ------        First session of the constituent Assembly of India starts. Muslim League boycotts it.
  77. 1947, Feb 20 : ------       British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government world leave India not later than June 1948.
  78. 1947, March 24 : ------       Lord Mountbatten , the last British Viceroy and Governor-General of India , sworn in (March 24, 1947 to June 21,1948).
  79. 1947, June 3 : ------        Mountbatten Plan for the partition of India and announcement (June 4) that transfer to power will take place on.
  80. 1947, August 15 : ------         India wins Freedom.
Read -  social protest movements in india and religious movements in india

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