Forest Type in India and forest in india

Forest Type in India and forest in india

According to state records , the forest area covers 23.28% of the total land area of the country.

Tropical Evergreen forest in india :

·         Rainy slopes of western Ghats. NE India except Arunachal Pradesh. Eastern part of West Bengal and Odisha. Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
·         Rainfall > 200 cm , Relative Humidity > 70%, Average temperature is about 24 degree C, Hot and humid climates.
·         Height of trees is 40 to 60 m, Leaves are dark green and broad.
·         Mahoguny, Mahua, bamboo, Cones, Ironwood, Kadam, Irul, Jamun, Hopea, Rubber Tree, Toon, Telsur etc.
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Tropical Moist Deciduous forest in india :

·         Eastern parts of Sahyadris (Western Ghats). North Eastern part of Peninsula. Middle and lower Ganga valley.
·         100 to 200 cm rainfall per annum . Moderate temperature.
·         30 to 40 m high trees. Due to deficiencecy of water ,they shed their leaves in spring (onset of summer).
·         Sal, Teaks, Arjun, Mulberry, Kusum, Sandalwood, Siris, Haldi, Khair, Mango, Banyan tree etc.

Tropical Dry Deciduous forest in india :

·         Large parts of Maharashtraand Andhra Pradesh. Parts of Punjub ,Haryana and Eastern parts of Rajasthan. Northern and Western parts of Madhya Pradesh. Tamil nadu, Southern parts of Uttar Pradesh.
·         50 to 100 cm rainfall, moderate humidity.
·         6 to 15 m high, Roots are thick and long.
·         Teak, Sal, Bamboo, mango, Acacia, Neem, Shisham etc.
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Dry Forests or Arid forest in india :

·         Rajasthan and adjoining areas of Haryana, Gujarat, and Punjab. Rainshadow area of Peninsular India.
·         Low rainfall (less than 50 cm per annum). Relative humidity is less.
·         Thorny vegetation , Roots are very long, leaves are small.
·         Cactus, Thorny bushes, Kikar, babool, Date plam, Acacia, Khair, Euphorbias etc.

Mountainous Forest or Himalayan forest in india :

·         In Himalayan region.
·         Due to increase of altitude the temperature decreases hence Himalayan forests contain all the varieties of world except equatorial forest.
·         Each vegetation belt occurs at relatively 300 m more height in eastern Himalayas.
·         Sal, Teak, Chir, Deodar, Oak, olive, chestnut, conifers, spruce and Lirch etc.

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