Facts about west bengal

West Bengal Facts

Facts about west bengal : — eastern region state in india located along the Bay of bengal. Most important State knowledge touch by the Facts about west bengal point.

  • West Bengal is a state in eastern India. It is the nation’s fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km“).
  • The origin of the name Bengal (known as Bangla and Bongo in Bengali language) is unknown.
  • One theory suggests that the word derives from “Bang”, a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BC.
  • The word might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name, the region’s early history is obscure.
  • Bengalis’ believe fish symbolizes fortune and good luck.
  • Kolkata is the only city in India where the trams service exists and is a highly popular public transport system.
  • West Bengal is the only Indian state which has The Himalayas, The Dooars Forests, the vast beaches of The Bay of Bengal, and innumerable rivers. This is called “Accident of Geography”.
  • Kolkata was the capital of British India from 1756 to 1911, because of which you find British monuments in every part of the city.
  • Bengali women were the first Indian women to go to school, pursue higher studies and start working.
  • Undivided Bengal was the first place in India where Sati, polygamy and child marriage were abolished and widow-remarriage was established by the British laws.
  • The National Song of India, “Vande Mataram”, was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, another Bengali.
  • Bengali is the only language which takes pride in gifting two countries their national anthems; India and Bangladesh. Both were written by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • West Bengal is surrounded by land forms on all three sides.
  • The Muslim-dominated districts, namely, Chittagong, Dacca and part of Presidency and Rajshahi division went to the present-day Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal came into existence in 1947.
  • In its south lies the Bay of Bengal.
  • It shares boundaries with Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Bangladesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. The northern part of West Bengal touches the Himalayan range.
  • The district of Cooch Behar was merged with the state on January 1, 1950.
  • The hill stations lying in this geographical region are the favorite tourist destinations in India. The climate of this part remains more or less cold through-out the year.
  • The former Chandernagor came within the state on October 2, 1954 and the state got its present political boundary when, according to the States Reorganization Act, part of the state of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal.
  • The foot hill of the Himalayan region is known as the Terrain region in West Bengal. This region is famous the world over for tea plantation.
  • The Indian National Congress (Congress Party) dominated the West Bengal government during nearly all of the state’s first three decades.
  • The sub-Himalayan tract, known as the West Bengal Duars, or Western Dooars, is a part of the Tarai lowland belt between the Himalayas and the plain.
  • In 1977, however, the Communist Party of India (Marxist; CPI-M) won a majority of seats in the state legislative elections and became the ruling party.
  • Once infested with malaria, the area is now well drained and cultivated. Some of the finest tea plantations of India are situated there.
  • The CPI-M remained in power as the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government until it was voted out of office in 2011.
  • North of the Duars, the Himalayan mountain ranges rise abruptly along the northern boundary of the state.
  • The winner of the legislative elections that year, the All India Trinamool (or Trinamul) Congress (AITC), had been an ally in what was then the Congress Party’s national ruling coalition government.
  • Mount Kanchenjunga, actually located in adjacent Sikkim, dominates the landscape of the area, particularly in Darjeeling (Darjeeling).
  • The AITC’s founder and leader, Mamata Banerjee, became the state’s first female chief minister (head of government).
  • On a clear day, Mount Everest also can be seen in the distance.
  • West Bengal was formerly known as Vanga and was spread over a vast area. Ruled by several dynasties from ancient times, the actual history of this region is, however, available from the Gupta period.
  • The prosperity and the importance of the state increased largely when the British East India Company took over the place. It was a widespread Bengal province until under the terms of the Indian Independence Act, 1947, the province of Bengal ceased to exist.
  • The Muslim-dominated districts, namely, Chittagong, Dacca and part of Presidency and Rajshahi division went to the present-day Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal came into existence in 1947.
  • The district of Cooch Behar was merged with the state on January 1, 1950.
  • The former Chandernagor came within the state on October 2, 1954 and the state got its present political boundary when, according to the States Reorganization Act, part of the state of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal
  • The Indian National Congress (Congress Party) dominated the West Bengal government during nearly all of the state’s first three decades.
  • In 1977, however, the Communist Party of India (Marxist; CPI-M) won a majority of seats in the state legislative elections and became the ruling party.
  • The CPI-M remained in power as the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government until it was voted out of office in 2011.
  • The winner of the legislative elections that year, the All India Trinamool (or Trinamul) Congress (AITC), had been an ally in what was then the Congress Party’s national ruling coalition government.
  • The AITC’s founder and leader, Mamata Banerjee, became the state’s first female chief minister (head of government).
  • West Bengal lies in the eastern part of India and extends roughly from 21°30′ north latitude to about 27° north latitude, and from 86° east longitude to about 90° east longitude. The Tropic of Cancer passes more or less through the centre of West Bengal.
  • The state lies between the Himalayas in the north and the Bay of Bengal in the south and covers a distance of 600 km from north to south. The width of the state varies considerably because of its shape and ranges from 20 km to 300 km. The total area of West Bengal covers about 3 percent of the total area of India.
  • West Bengal is a densely populated state. This state is the home of Bengalis. There are other communities such as Nepalese and Lepchas in the hilly districts of the north. The cities of West Bengal have people from all over the country. Bengali is the language of the state Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of West Bengal. West Bengal is one of the important industrial states in India.
  • Nearly 9 crores people live in West Bengal. In other words about 8 percent of the total population of India are in West Bengal. The area of West Bengal is smaller than many other states of India but the number of people living on every square kilometre in West Bengal is the highest in India (766), followed by Kerala (748). The number of people living on every square kilometre shows the density of the population of a place. West Bengal is very densely populated.
  • The density of population is not, however, the same all over the state. (The district of 24 Parganas, north and south have the highest population (over 12 million) while Darjiling district in the north has over one million people.) This shows that the distribution of population in West Bengal is not even.
  • Some natural factors are responsible for such uneven distribution of population in the state. Men prefer to settle in areas where they can earn their living easily. Most people in our country earn their livelihood by farming. Areas of fertile soil and sufficient rainfall are easier to cultivate. So the deltaic plain and low lying areas of West Bengal with rich alluvial soil are thickly populated.
  • On the other hand, the mountainous areas in the north and the infertile rocky plateau region of the west have sparse population.

 

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lam the creator and editor of Design Shard, I created this blog to post my inspirations, work, and free resources that I hope others find interesting too. See all posts by -- Sourav Mukherjee

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