Energy,plants and power project in india
- India is a fast growing country and therefore the demand for energy is exploiting almost all the sources of energy such as hydroelectricity. Thermal energy, nuclear energy, solar energy and wind energy etc.
- Power development commenced in India with the commissioning of electricity supply in Darjeeling during 1897, followed by a hydropower station at sivasamudram in Karnataka during 1902.
- Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland , Sikkim and Uttarakhand are wholly dependent upon hydroelectricity.
- National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC) was set up in 1975 , under public sector for the generation of hydropower in India.
- National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) was set up in 1975 , for generation of thermal energy. NTPC has 15 coal based super thermal power projects and 7 gas/liquid based combined cycle projects.
- Atomic Energy Institute at Trombay was set up in 1954 and then renamed as Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in 1967.
- Heavy Water plants are at Vadodra . Tuticorin , Kota, Thal, Hazira and Manuguru.The first heavy water plant set up in Nangal in1962.
- The renewable energy programme started with the establishment of the Department Agency was set up in 1987. In 1992 DNES was converted into Ministry of Non conventional Energy Sources.
Renewable energy Plants
(Types of Energy — Plants — States)
- Wind Energy :—- Muppandal, Perungudi , Kayattar ,Satara , Jogimati , Lamba , Mandvi —- Tamil Nadu.
- Geothermal Energy : —- (Manikaran —- Himachal Pradesh) (Puga Valley — Jam mu and Kashmir) (Tattapani — Chhattisgarh).
- Tidal Energy : —- (Gulf of Kuchchh — Gujarat) (Gulf of Khambat — Gujarat) (Sunderban — West Bengal).
- Wave Energy : —- (Vizhinjam — Kerala).
- Solar Energy : —- (Tirupati — Andhra Pradesh).
The Major Indian Atomic Power Station
Power Stations Location
Tarapur —- Maharashtra
Rawatbhata —- Rajasthan
Kalpakkam —- Tamil Nadu
Narora —- Uttar Pradesh
Kakrapara —- Gujarat
Kaiga —- Karnataka
Kudankulam —- Tamil Nadu (UC)
Banswara —- Rajasthan (UC)
UC : Under Construction
Mega Power Project
Plants States Capacity (MW) Awarded to
Sassan — Madhya Pradesh — 4000 — Reliance
Mundra — Gujarat — 4000 — Tata
Krishna patnam — Andhra Pradesh — 4000 — Reliance
Girye — Maharashtra — 4000 — NA
Tadri — Karnataka — 4000 — NA
Ultra mega power plants (UMPP)
Thermal power Plant
(States — Name of the plants States — Name of the plant)
Haryana —- Faridabad , Panipat
Andhra Pradesh —- Ramagundam kothagudam Nellore Vijayawada
Punjab —- Bhatinda,Ropar
Tamil Nadu —- Ennore,Tuticorin,Neyveli
Delhi —- Badarpur,Indraprastha
Bihar —- Barauni
Rajasthan —- Kota
Jharkhand —- Bokaro
Uttar Pradesh —- Obra,Panki,Singrauli
Odisha —- Talcher, Rourkela
Gujarat —-Ukai,Sikka, Ahmedabad, Sabarmati
West Bengal —- Kolkata, Titagarh, Durgapur
Madhya Pradesh —- Satpura Amarkantak, Pench
Assam —- Namrup,Bongaigaon
Chhattisgarh —- Korba, Bhilai
Jammu and Kasmir —- Pampore
Maharashtra —- Nashik, Uran, Chandrapur, Trombay, Dabhol
Tripura —- Rokhia
Indian Railway at a glance and details- important gk
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