Energy,plants and power project in india

Energy,plants and power project in india


  • India is a fast growing country and therefore the demand for energy is exploiting almost all the sources of energy such as hydroelectricity. Thermal energy, nuclear energy, solar energy and wind energy etc.
  • Power  development  commenced in India with the commissioning of electricity supply in Darjeeling during 1897, followed by a hydropower station at sivasamudram in Karnataka during 1902.
  • Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland , Sikkim and Uttarakhand are wholly dependent upon hydroelectricity.
  • National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC) was set up in 1975 , under public sector for the generation of hydropower in India.
  • National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) was set up in 1975 , for generation of thermal energy. NTPC has 15 coal based super thermal power projects and 7 gas/liquid based combined cycle projects.
  • Atomic Energy Institute at Trombay was set up in 1954 and then renamed as Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in 1967.
  • Heavy Water plants are at Vadodra . Tuticorin , Kota, Thal, Hazira and Manuguru.The first heavy water plant set up in Nangal in1962.
  • The renewable energy programme started with the establishment of the Department Agency was set up in 1987. In 1992 DNES was converted into Ministry of Non conventional Energy Sources.
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  Renewable energy Plants

(Types of Energy --- Plants --- States)

  1. Wind Energy :----    Muppandal, Perungudi , Kayattar ,Satara , Jogimati , Lamba , Mandvi ---- Tamil Nadu.
  2. Geothermal Energy : ----   (Manikaran ---- Himachal Pradesh) (Puga Valley --- Jam mu and Kashmir) (Tattapani --- Chhattisgarh).
  3. Tidal Energy : ----    (Gulf of Kuchchh --- Gujarat) (Gulf of Khambat --- Gujarat) (Sunderban --- West Bengal).
  4. Wave Energy : ----     (Vizhinjam --- Kerala).
  5. Solar Energy : ----      (Tirupati --- Andhra Pradesh).
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The Major Indian Atomic Power Station

Power Stations          Location

Tarapur ----    Maharashtra
Rawatbhata ----    Rajasthan
Kalpakkam ----    Tamil Nadu
Narora ----     Uttar Pradesh
Kakrapara ----    Gujarat
Kaiga ----    Karnataka
Kudankulam ----    Tamil Nadu (UC)
Banswara  ----    Rajasthan (UC)

UC : Under Construction

Mega Power Project

Plants States Capacity (MW) Awarded to
Sassan --- Madhya Pradesh --- 4000 --- Reliance
Mundra --- Gujarat --- 4000 --- Tata
Krishna patnam --- Andhra Pradesh --- 4000 --- Reliance
Girye --- Maharashtra --- 4000 --- NA
Tadri --- Karnataka --- 4000 --- NA

Ultra mega power plants (UMPP)

Thermal power Plant

(States --- Name of the plants States --- Name of the plant)

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Haryana ---- Faridabad , Panipat
Andhra Pradesh ---- Ramagundam kothagudam Nellore Vijayawada
Punjab ---- Bhatinda,Ropar
Tamil Nadu ---- Ennore,Tuticorin,Neyveli
Delhi ---- Badarpur,Indraprastha
Bihar ---- Barauni
Rajasthan ---- Kota
Jharkhand ---- Bokaro
Uttar Pradesh ---- Obra,Panki,Singrauli
Odisha ---- Talcher, Rourkela
Gujarat ----Ukai,Sikka, Ahmedabad, Sabarmati
West Bengal ---- Kolkata, Titagarh, Durgapur
Madhya Pradesh ---- Satpura Amarkantak, Pench
Assam ---- Namrup,Bongaigaon
Chhattisgarh ---- Korba, Bhilai
Jammu and Kasmir ---- Pampore
Maharashtra ---- Nashik, Uran, Chandrapur, Trombay, Dabhol
Tripura ---- Rokhia

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